This week in Israeli history

Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin receive the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo on Dec. 10, 1994. Photo by Saar Yaacov, Israel’s Government Press Office

By the Center for Israel Education

Oct. 11, 1938 — Arab Congress Rejects Partition: Arab leaders conclude a four-day conference in Cairo by adopting the Resolutions of the Inter-Parliamentary Congress, a response to the proposal of the British Peel Commission in 1937 to partition Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. The Arabs reject partition and call for an end to Jewish immigration but accept the “sacrifice” of allowing Jews already in Palestine to remain.

Oct. 12, 1938 — Peace Educator Salomon Born: Gavriel Salomon, the founder of the Center for Research on Peace Education at Haifa University and the dean of the university’s Faculty of Education from 1993 to 1998, is born. An advocate for coexistence programs and improved Arab education, Salomon wins the Israel Prize in 2001. 

Oct. 13, 2011 — La Scala Hires Barenboim: Composer Daniel Barenboim, who was born in Buenos Aires in 1942 and moved to Israel in 1952, is named the musical director of La Scala Opera House in Milan, Italy. In demand as a conductor since his debut in London in the 1960s, he served as the musical director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 1991 to 2006.

Oct. 14, 1994 — Rabin, Peres Awarded Nobel Prize: The Norwegian Nobel Committee announces that Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres are sharing the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize with PLO leader Yasser Arafat for negotiating and signing the Oslo Accords in 1993.

Oct. 15, 1894 — Prime Minister Sharett Born: Moshe Sharett, a signer of the Israeli Declaration of Independence who is the country’s first foreign minister and succeeds David Ben-Gurion to become Israel’s second prime minister in January 1954, is born Moshe Shertok to Zionist parents in Kherson, Ukraine. The family settles in Jaffa in 1906.

Oct. 16, 1981 — Dayan Dies: Moshe Dayan — the iconic Israeli military leader who was acclaimed a hero after the 1967 war, faced criticism after the 1973 war and played a key role in the 1978 Camp David peace talks — dies of a heart attack in a Tel Aviv hospital at age 66.

Oct. 17, 1880 — Jabotinsky Born: Ze’ev Vladimir Jabotinsky, the father of Revisionist Zionism, is born in Odessa, Russia. He is central to the formation of the British army’s Jewish Legion during World War I, helps create the Betar youth movement in 1923 and is a leader in organizing Jewish self-defense.

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